Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace  ‎(I1108)‎
Prefix: Sir
Given Names: William
Surname: Wallace
Nickname: Braveheart

Gender: MaleMale
      

Birth: January 1273 24 41 Elderslie, Paisley Parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death: 23 August 1305 ‎(Age 32)‎ London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Personal Facts and Details
Birth January 1273 24 41 Elderslie, Paisley Parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland

Death 23 August 1305 ‎(Age 32)‎ London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom

Last Change 30 August 2013 - 14:16:44 - by: jflesher
View Details for ...

Parents Family  (F420)
Sir Malcolm Andrew "Alen" Wallace
1249 - 1305
Margaret Crawford
1232 - 1286
Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace
1273 - 1305

Immediate Family  (F419)
Marion Cornellia Braidfute
1276 - 1297


Notes

Note
The White Wizard, William Wallace carried a Staff of Power.

William Fought against the Bankers Taxing the Lands of Free People, so his Battle was the same as Jesus Bar Abbas's.

1 - William Wallace was a grizzly giant of a man for his time ‎(1297)‎ standing 6' 6" tall. This is the William Wallace in whose rebellion the English Sheriff of Lanark was killed in 1297.

2 - Edward I of England conquered Scotland after the abdication of his vassel John Balliol, and extracted homage from the chief landholders who acknowledged him as King at Berwick in 1296. National resistance broke out in 1297, led by William Wallace. Captured in 1305, Wallace was executed, but the struggle for independance was renewed when some of Edward's chief Scottish vassels, including Robert Bruce turned against him.

3 - WILLIAM WALLACE
Little is known about the background of this renowned patriot, apart from the fact that he was the younger son of a Knight who lived in Paisley, and all descriptions of him stress his enormous height and strength. Certainly, he was endowed with every bit of the fighting spirit of the red-headed Scottish warriors who had withstood the Romans so long before.
Wallace gathered a huge army, consisting mainly of Highlanders and men from the north-east, to fight the English and had soon captured all the fortresses north of the Forth. He employed the same surprise tactics that the Caledonians had used so effectively to fight the Romans, completely unnerving the English forces and causing mounting alarm as the number of his attacks increased.
Further north, Sir Andrew Moray from the Moray coast, recently released from prison in England, roused his men from Banff, Moray and Aberdeen to revolt. He used the same methods of attack as Wallace, for he too had inherited the fighting blood of his ancestors. Both Wallace and Moray continued to fight throughout the summer of 1297.

The Battle of Stirling Bridge
At the end of August, Earl Warenne, acting on Edward's behalf, advanced towards Stirling with his army. ‎( )‎n I I September 1297 Wallace and Moray joined forces for the first time and waited for the English army to meet them at Stirling Bridge.
Wallace proved to be a born strategist. He waited until half the English army had crossed the bridge to the Carse of Stirling on the other side, before launching a furious attack. Over 5000 soldiers and 100 knights of the English army died in the bloody battle which ensued. Unfortunately. Moray was badly wounded and died later the same year.
In the winter of 1297, Wallace marched into the north of England and plun-dered widely. He also opened the Scottish ports to European merchants, encouraging commerce by writing to cities like Lubeck and Hamburg, asking for support and inviting them to trade with Scotland.
Stirling Bridge had been an outstanding victory for Wallace, but it also marked the beginning of' his downfall. Most of the Scottish nobles were dissatisfied with the position he had assumed as Guardian of Scotland a knighthood for Wallace went some way towards gaining their respect. Unfortunately, his next encounter with the English was to be a disaster.

The Battle of Falkirk
On 22 July 1298 Wallace took on the English once again. He arranged his peasant army as he had before, in four schiltroms ‎(circles of pikemen with slanted pikes)‎. Between the schiltroms he placed the archers, and behind them, the cavalry. However, this time, Edward included a number of English bowmen in his army, carrying powerful long-range bows that were as tall as the men. The Scottish archers were mown down by the English cavalry, and the cavalry scattered too, but the schiltroms held firm until the English bowmen came into range. The bowmen rained down arrows on the dense, packed, slow-moving schiltroms and when gaps appeared in them, Edward sent in his cavalry to finish off the Scottish troops.
William Wallace escaped, but resigned his guardianship of Scotland and became a roving thorn in the English side, continually fighting for Scottish rights. King Edward's response was to offer a large reward for his capture.
Inevitably, Wallac e .was betrayed by one of the jealous nobles - Sir John Menteith, governor of Dumbarton. Consequently, the stretch of water on Menteit h's estate suffered the disgrace of being called the 'Lake of Menteith', the only loch in Scotland to be called by the English word 'lake', and thus providing a constant reminder of Menteith's treachery.
Wallace was taken to London and charged with treason at Westminster Court on 23 August 1305. His defence was, 'I never could have been a traitor to Edward, for I was never his subject.' He was condemned to be hanged, drawn and quartered, and his limbs were distributed to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Berwick, Perth and Stirling to discourage other Scottish patriots.
‎[ An Illustrated History of Scotland by Elisabeth Fraser pub. 1997 ]‎

4 - Right half of his body, without the arm, leg or head is buried in Saint Machars Cathedral , Aberdeen , Scotland

Note
His Birth year varies from 1270 to 1276

View Notes for ...


Sources
There are no Source citations for this individual.

View Sources for ...


Media
There are no media objects for this individual.
View Media for ...


Family with Parents
Father
Sir Malcolm Andrew "Alen" Wallace ‎(I1110)‎
Birth 1249 Elderslie, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death 23 August 1305 ‎(Age 56)‎ London, Middlesex, England
-17 years
Mother
 
Margaret Crawford ‎(I1111)‎
Birth 1232 9 5
Death 1286 ‎(Age 54)‎
#1
Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace ‎(I1108)‎
Birth January 1273 24 41 Elderslie, Paisley Parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death 23 August 1305 ‎(Age 32)‎ London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Family with Marion Cornellia Braidfute
Sir William "Braveheart" Wallace ‎(I1108)‎
Birth January 1273 24 41 Elderslie, Paisley Parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death 23 August 1305 ‎(Age 32)‎ London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
3 years
Wife
 
Marion Cornellia Braidfute ‎(I1109)‎
Birth 1276 Lamington, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death May 1297 ‎(Age 21)‎